What is the key of David?
In Revelation 3:7, Jesus said to the church at Philadelphia that He
had the key of David. In Revelation 22:16, Jesus sent his angel
to testify to the church that He is the root and offspring of David. In
Acts 13:22, we find that David was a man after God's own heart.
did God call David a man after His own heart? WHY
did Jesus testify to the church of Philadelphia that He has the key
of David? WHY
did Jesus send His angel to the churches to testify that He is the root
and offspring of David? WHY does God identify
Himself with David and WHY does Jesus identify
Himself with David? The answer is the Key of David !!!
. The key of David is found in Psalm 119. The reason why
David was called a man after God's own heart and the reason why Jesus has
the key of David is David LOVED God's Torah. The
Key of David is the Torah !! Let us examine this
JESUS HAS THE KEY OF DAVID
chapters 2 and 3, letters are written to seven churches in Asia Minor. Of
the seven churches, the church with the highest praise from God is the
church in Philadelphia. The church of Philadelphia can be viewed as the
model church among the seven churches in the book of Revelation.
Jesus tells this church that He has the key of David.
In Revelation 3:7 it is written:
- "And to the angel of the church in
Philadelphia write: These things saith He that is holy, He that is true,
He that has the key of David, He that openeth and no man shutteth, and
shutteth and no man openeth."
A key is critical in opening
and closing a door. If Jesus has a key to a door, it MUST be important. In
addition, there MUST also be an importance concerning WHAT key that Jesus
is holding. In Revelation 3:7, Jesus tells us that the name of
this key points to David. Therefore, we must begin to question why Jesus
is highlighting and emphasizing David.
JESUS IS THE ROOT AND OFFSPRING OF DAVID
Because the Bible is the Word
of God, the last book in the Bible must be important in revealing the
complete plan of God. Indeed it is! The book of Revelation is the
Revelation of Jesus Christ which God gave to show His servants of things
to come (Revelation 1:1). If the last book of the Bible is
important, then the last chapter in the Bible must be important also. If
the last chapter of the last book of the Bible is important then the last
few verses must be important. The last few verses of the book of
Revelation speak of the desire for the second coming of Jesus and the
desire that the Bride of Christ would be married unto Him. In
Revelation 22:16, Jesus speaks His final words to the churches as it
- "I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto
you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of
David, and the bright and morning Star."
DAVID IS A TYPE OF GOD'S BRIDE
The churches are already
believers that Jesus is Messiah. So, Jesus couldn't be reminding the
churches through His angels that He is the Messiah. So, why did Jesus send
His angel to testify to the CHURCHES and NOT to
the unbelievers that HE is the root and offspring of DAVID? Once again,
Jesus wants His CHURCH to identify with David when they identify with
David in Hebrew means,
"Beloved." It is the Strong's word 1732. Beloved is a term for God's
Bride. The Song of Solomon is a poetic song between God and His Bride. In
Song of Solomon 6:3 it is written:
- " I am my beloved's and my beloved is mine ...
Therefore, David is a type of
God's Bride. Consequently, the Bride of Christ MUST identify with David
even as Jesus tells us that He has the key of David and is the root and
offspring of David.
The next verse in the book of
Revelation following the words of Jesus that He sent His angel to testify
to His churches that He is the root and offspring of David is
Revelation 22:17 as it is written:
- " And the Spirit and the bride say, Come ...
Therefore, it seems that the
testifying to the CHURCHES that Jesus is the root and offspring of David
is associated with the marriage of God's Bride. Could this be so? I
believe that it is.
THE CHURCH IS DISCOVERING
HER HEBRAIC ROOTS
In most recent times, the
Spirit of God is awakening the church concerning her Hebraic roots and the
role of God's Torah in our lives. This is God's final testimony to the
church through the outpouring of His Holy Spirit to encourage all
believers in Jesus as Messiah to embrace and understand the role of the
Torah in God's prophetic plan before Jesus comes to get His Bride.
Because the Bride of Christ
will teach the Torah to all nations during the 1,000-year Messianic Age, (Isaiah
2:2-3) the Holy Spirit must awaken the church to the knowledge and
understanding of the Torah so that God can raise up an army of people who
will love God with all their heart, mind, soul and strength, be
spiritually mature, and have the knowledge of the Torah of God written
upon their hearts. Therefore, this mighty move of God's Holy Spirit is a
preparation for the Bride of Christ to make herself ready for her wedding
to Jesus, the Bridegroom.
WILL ALL WHO EMBRACE
THE TORAH BE GOD'S BRIDE?
Does that mean that everyone
who embraces the Torah through the awakening of God's Spirit will be the
Bride of Christ? No! The reason is that the Bride of Christ must be
spiritually mature AND have the knowledge of the
Torah of God. Some believers who embrace the Torah are spiritually
immature. Only God can judge our hearts and only He can determine among
the Body of Christ who is spiritually mature and who is not spiritually
THE GREATEST IN HEAVEN WILL
KEEP GOD'S COMMANDMENTS
Keeping the Torah of God has
a role to play in reaching spiritual maturity. We know from the words of
Jesus that those who keep the commmandments (Torah) of God and teach
others to do so will be great in the Kingdom of Heaven but those who break
the commandments (Torah) of God and teach others to do so will be least in
the Kingdom of Heaven. In Matthew 5:19 it is written:
- "Whosoever therefore shall break one of these
least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least
in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the
same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven."
Therefore, Jesus is
testifying to the churches through His angel that He is the root and
offspring of David because God's Bride will be a people after God's own
heart and will love the Torah of God just like David. David in Hebrew
means "Beloved" and "Beloved" is a term for God's Bride.
DAVID: A MAN AFTER GOD'S OWN HEART
David was a man after God's
own heart. In Acts 13:22 it is written:
- "And when he had removed him, he raised up
unto them David to be their king; to whom also he gave testimony, and
said, I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart,
which shall fulfill all my wiIl."
Why was David a man after
God's own heart? The answer is found in Psalm 119. The reason
that David was a man after God's own heart is because David LOVED God's
Torah! Let us examine Psalm 119 to understand this truth.
THE SPIRITUAL UNDERSTANDING OF PSALM 119
Psalm 119 was
written by David. Psalm 119 consists of 176 verses. There are 22
letters in the Hebrew alphabet. Psalm 119 is a poetic psalm which
goes through the entire Hebrew alphabet in units of eight verses each.
Twenty-Two times Eight =176.
alphabet begins with the letter, Aleph ,
and ends with the letter, Tav . In
Revelation 22:13, Jesus spoke these words as it is written:
- "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the
end, the first and the last."
and the Omega are the first and last letters of
the Greek alphabet . The way that this would be
said in Hebrew is "I am the Aleph and the Tav."
In Genesis 1:1 it is
- "In the beginning God created the heaven and
the earth. "
If you examine this verse in
Hebrew, you will find that the fourth Hebrew word is
Therefore, in Hebrew,
Genesis 1:1 reads:
- " In the beginning (Bereishit), God (Elohim)
created (bara), (Aleph, Tav) ..."
From this we can understand
that Jesus is indeed the Aleph and the Tav, the
beginning and the end.
In each verse in Psalm
119, David praises God for His Torah. Since Jesus is the Aleph
and the Tav, the beginning and the end, then the entire Psalm 119
is written about Jesus. From this we can understand that Jesus is the
There are three main things
highlighted in Psalm 119. They are as follows:
The Hebrew Language
The Torah of God
The Number Eight
In Psalm 119, the
Hebrew language is being highlighted because Psalm 119 goes
through the entire Hebrew alphabet letter by letter. The Torah of God is
being highlighted because in each verse in Psalm 119 David
praises God for His Torah. The number eight is highlighted because Psalm
119 goes through the entire Hebrew alphabet in units of eight verses each.
PSALM 119: THE HEBREW LANGUAGE
Each verse in Psalm
119:1-8, begins with the first letter in the Hebrew language, the
Aleph . Each verse in Psalm 119:9-16,
begins with the second letter in the Hebrew language, the
Beth . Each verse in Psalm 119:17-24
begins with the third letter in the Hebrew language, the
Gimel . This pattern is repeated for the entire
Hebrew alphabet to the end of Psalm 119. Therefore, Psalm 119
highlights the Hebrew language, the Torah and the number eight.
THE BIBLICAL IMPORTANCE OF
THE NUMBER EIGHT
Why is the number eight being
highlighted in Psalm 119? Seven is God's number for perfection
and completion. The seven days of creation represent 7,000 years of time.
In Psalm 90:4 it is written:
- "For a thousand years in thy sight are but as
yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night. "
In 2 Peter 3:8 is it
- "But, beloved, (a term for God's Bride) be not
ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand
years, and a thousand years as one day."
Therefore, the seven days of
creation are a spiritual picture of seven thousand years of time. The
seventh day of creation, the Sabbath, is a spiritual picture of the
1,000-year Messianic Age.
In Leviticus 23, God
gave His people seven festivals. They are Passover, Unleavened Bread,
First Fruits, Pentecost, Trumpets, Atonement and Tabernacles. Once again,
seven is the Biblical number for perfection and completion. These seven
festivals are important because they reveal the prophetic plan of God. The
first four festivals give insight about the first coming of Jesus. The
last three festivals give insight about the second coming of Jesus. All of
these festivals teach about our personal relationship with God. For more
information about the Biblical festivals, please read my book,
The Seven Festivals of the Messiah
. This book can be purchased by writing to
Hebraic Heritage Ministries International.
The seventh festival is
Tabernacles. The feast of Tabernacles is to be celebrated for seven days.
In Leviticus 23:33-34 it is written:
- "And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak
unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh
month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the Lord."
The Feast of Tabernacles is
not only the seventh festival but it happens on the seven month and it is
to be celebrated for seven days. In this, God is highlighting the Feast of
Tabernacles and the number seven. The Feast of Tabernacles is prophetic of
the 1,000 year Messianic Age. The end of the l,000 year Messianic Age ends
the prophetic picture of the seven days of creation and the seventh of the
seven festivals. Therefore, at the conclusion of the l,000 year Messianic
Age, God's prophetic plan for mankind will be completed and we will enter
The number eight in the Bible
is the number of new beginnings. At the conclusion of the 1,000-year
Messianic Age, God will create a new heaven and a new earth. This is
mentioned in Revelation 21:1-3. Therefore, the number eight
represents new beginnings, the time beyond time or eternity.
God gave a prophetic
blueprint of eternity when He gave instruction concerning the celebration
of the Feast of Tabernacles. In Leviticus 23:33-34, 36 it is
- "And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak
unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh
month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the Lord.
Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord: on the
eighth day shall be a holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an
offering made by fire unto the Lord: it is a solemn assembly ..
The Feast of Tabernacles is a
seven-day festival unto God. It is celebrated on the Jewish Calendar on
Tishrei 15-21. The eighth day, Tishrei 22, is known in Hebrew as
"Shemini Atzeret " which means,
"The eighth conclusion". The day
following "Shemini Atzeret " is Tishrei 23 which is known in
Hebrew as "Simchat Torah " which means,
"The rejoicing in the Torah."
Therefore, after the
completion of time as represented by the Feast of Tabernacles, which is
the seventh festival, the seventh month and celebrated for seven days and
is a spiritual picture of the l,000 year Messianic Age, we have
"Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah "
which represents eternity.
Shemini Atzeret and
Simchat Torah are celebrated jointly with each other and is seen
by the Jewish people as one day even though it extends over two physical
calendar days. Therefore, the eighth day which God attached to the seven
days of the Feast of Tabernacles was done by God to represent the time
following the conclusion of the Feast of Tabernacles or eternity. Because
Shemini Atzeret (the eighth conclusion) is associated with
Simchat Torah (the rejoicing in the Torah) and this represents
eternity, we can understand that during eternity, all believers who will
be in heaven will be rejoicing over the Torah of God. Therefore, the
number eight represents the
new heavens and the new earth (Revelation 21:1-3) and
Eternity is highlighted in
God's Biblical festivals by the eighth day following the seven days of the
Feast of Tabernacles, Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah.
Simchat Torah is known in Hebrew as the "Rejoicing in the
Therefore, the number eight
in Psalm 119 is highlighting eternity. Eternity is foreshadowed
by all believers who will be in heaven and rejoicing in the Torah of God
even as David rejoiced and praised the Torah of God in each verse of
In conclusion, what is the
key of David and why did God call David a man after God's own heart?
The Key of David is the Torah.
Because David loved God's Torah, God called David a man after His own
heart. David in Hebrew means, "Beloved." Beloved is a term for
God's Bride. Therefore, the Bride of Christ shall be the "beloved "
of God because she will be like David and love God's Torah.
In the book of Revelation,
Jesus testified to the churches that He has the
Key of David and He is the
root and offspring of David. By doing so, Jesus wanted His Church
to identify with David when they identifed with Jesus. When Jesus lived on
the earth, He was a Torah-Observant Jew. When Jesus associated Himself
with David, He was identifying Himself with the Torah and the role of the
Bride to rule and reign on the earth as kings and priests with Him during
the Messianic Age and then for all eternity.
In Psalm 119, God
highlights the Hebrew language, the Torah and the number eight. Hebrew is
the spiritual language given by God to His people. The number eight in the
Bible represents new beginnings as well as eternity. In Psalm 119,
the Torah is highlighted along with the number eight because God wanted to
communicate a spiritual message to His people through the Holy Spirit that
God's Torah is eternal. God's Torah will be kept by His people for all
eternity when God creates the new heavens and the new earth. David was a
man after God's own heart because David loved God's Torah. The
Key of David is the Torah
. The Key of David is written on
the heart of God's Bride .